A smart city is any urban center that leverages the power of ICT to improve quality of life experienced by residents, enhance economic development, as well as manage and use natural resources in an efficient manner.
The smart city concept integrates information and communication technology (ICT), and various physical devices connected to the network (the Internet of things or IoT) to optimize the efficiency of city operations and services and connect to citizens. Smart city technology allows city officials to interact directly with both community and city infrastructure and to monitor what is happening in the city and how the city is evolving. Information and communication technology (ICT) is used to enhance quality, performance and interactivity of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption and to increase contact between citizens and government.
A smart city is any urban center that leverages the power of ICT to improve quality of life experienced by residents, enhance economic development, as well as manage and use natural resources in an efficient manner. It uses different types of electronic data collection/sensors to supply information used to manage assets and resources efficiently. This includes data collected from citizens, devices, and assets that is processed and analyzed to monitor and manage traffic and transportation systems, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, information systems, schools, libraries, hospitals, and other community services.
Major technological, economic and environmental changes have generated interest in smart cities, including climate change, economic restructuring, the move to online retail and entertainment, ageing populations, urban population growth and pressures on public finances. Smart City has wide advantages and benefits economically, environmentally, socially and technologically.
Globally, large cities could save $800 billion annually by simply installing smart transport systems. Big data analytics and IoT could also help firefighters, police, infrastructure planners, and emergency responders improve service delivery.
A smart water management system installed in Dubuque, IA helped households reduce water consumption by an average of 7%. In Santander, Spain, the installation of RFID and GPRS sensors led to the reduction of energy costs by 25% and waste management expenses by 20%. San Francisco has invested in a Smart Corridor system consisting of 133 advanced signs, cameras, and sensors to improve traffic flow on the I-80 road. Seattle has already launched a High-Performance Building program aimed at reducing energy consumption by analyzing data in real-time.
Above all, Smart City is a Basis for becoming a Global City
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